One of the most famous national parks in the United States is Yellowstone National Park. It stretches across the US states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho and receives almost 3 million visitors annually. Yellowstone National Park covers an area of 8,983 km². The foundation date is March 1, 1872. See directoryaah for museums in Wyoming.
The forerunner Yellowstone National Park
When Yellowstone National Park was founded in 1872, this was the trigger for numerous other national parks to be established.
The Yellowstone National Park quickly made a name for itself not only as a pioneer of the entire national park. Also its geological peculiarities have always caused a stir. There is a so-called melting point in the park. This is a locally limited melting zone in the earth’s mantle. There is a strong smell of sulfur here, and there are also many geysers, hot springs and fumaroles to be found. From time to time there are also more or less strong tremors. In addition, the park has plenty of water. The park is particularly famous for the large waterfalls of the Yellowstone River in the Grand Canyon of Yellowstone.
History of Yellowstone National Park
Archaeologists found that the first humans must have lived in Yellowstone National Park 5,000 years ago. This assumption is based on the fact that one in the area of Mammoth Hot Springs, in the northern part of the park, found arrowheads that were dated to this time. When the first whites came here in the 19th century, they met the Shoshone people who lived there. Crow and Blackfoot also came here to hunt every now and then. The famous chief of the Hunckapapa Sioux, Sitting Bull, also lived and hunted here. In 1876, however, he set out for the last time with his warriors to hunt bison. When the entire park was free of Indians in 1880, the area was ripe for tourism.
After the area had been explored and explored, it was decided that nature should not be destroyed by economic use. This is how the idea of a national park came about. Congress approved this and the first national park was established in 1872.
Fauna and flora in Yellowstone National
Park Bison, elk, elk and mule deer as well as pronghorns and bighorn sheep live in Yellowstone National Park. The park is also known for its grizzly and black bears. Coyotes, mountain lions and lynxes are also native to Yellowstone National Park.
The bird world is also very pronounced. There are fish and bald eagles, white pelicans and buzzards, among others. In addition, many water and beach birds feel at home in the Yellowstone National Park area. So also the trumpet swan, which even hibernates here.
The smaller birds are used to humans and therefore very trusting. Not infrequently they try to get a piece of the picnic, just like the gophers.
In 1988 a severe fire destroyed large parts of the lush and very old coniferous forest. The problem was that the forest had been spared fires for over 300 years, but suffered from the drought and dried up. After the fire was extinguished, new plants began to grow immediately and so today there are strong and healthy forest trees in these places.
In the unwooded areas there are lush flower mats. The yellow-blooming monkey flower is even at home near the hot springs and blooms in several places in the park.