Nepal Chic

Nepal is a landlocked country located in South Asia, bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east, and west. It lies between latitudes 26° and 31°N, and longitudes 80° and 89°E. The country’s geographic location places it at the crossroads of major cultural and trade routes between South Asia and East Asia.

Geography

Climate

Nepal’s climate varies widely depending on altitude and topography. The lowlands in the south experience a subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters, while the high mountain regions have a cold alpine climate with freezing temperatures and heavy snowfall. The central valleys, including Kathmandu, have a temperate climate with warm summers and cool winters.

Fauna

Nepal is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including iconic species such as the Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, Asian elephant, and snow leopard. The country’s national parks and conservation areas provide habitats for a variety of mammals, birds, and reptiles, making it a haven for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers.

Longest Rivers

Nepal is blessed with several major rivers, including the following longest rivers:

  1. Koshi River: The Koshi, also known as the “Sorrow of Bihar,” originates in Tibet and flows through eastern Nepal before entering the Indian state of Bihar.
  2. Gandaki River: The Gandaki, also called the Narayani in the plains, is one of Nepal’s largest rivers, originating from the Tibetan plateau and flowing through central Nepal.
  3. Karnali River: The Karnali, known as the Ghaghara in India, is Nepal’s longest river, originating from the Tibetan plateau and flowing through western Nepal.

Highest Mountains

Nepal is renowned for being home to eight of the world’s fourteen highest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest peak on Earth. Other notable mountains in Nepal include Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu.

History

Prehistory

Nepal has a rich prehistory, with evidence of human habitation dating back tens of thousands of years. The Kathmandu Valley, in particular, has been inhabited since ancient times, with archaeological sites revealing the presence of early human settlements and advanced civilizations.

Ancient Period

Nepal’s recorded history begins with the establishment of the Kirat Kingdom in the 7th century BCE. Subsequent centuries saw the rise of various dynasties, including the Lichhavis and the Mallas, who left lasting legacies in art, architecture, and culture.

Medieval Period

The medieval period in Nepal was characterized by the emergence of powerful kingdoms, such as the Licchavi and Malla dynasties, which vied for control over the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding regions. This era saw the flourishing of trade, religion, and the arts, with the construction of magnificent palaces, temples, and monuments.

Unification of Nepal

In the 18th century, King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha embarked on a campaign to unify the small kingdoms and principalities scattered across the Himalayan region. His successful conquests led to the formation of modern-day Nepal and the establishment of the Shah dynasty.

Modern Age

Nepal witnessed significant political changes in the 20th century, including the overthrow of the Rana oligarchy in 1951 and the establishment of a democratic system of government. However, the country has faced challenges related to political instability, civil unrest, and natural disasters, including a devastating earthquake in 2015.

Demographics

Nepal has a diverse population comprising various ethnic groups, languages, and cultures. The largest ethnic group is the Chhetri, followed by the Brahmin, Magar, Tharu, Tamang, and Newar. The population is predominantly Hindu, with significant Buddhist, Muslim, and Christian minorities.

Administrative Divisions

Nepal is divided into seven provinces, each with its own local government structure. These provinces are further subdivided into districts, municipalities, and rural municipalities. Here is a list of the administrative divisions along with their respective populations:

  1. Province No. 1 – Population: 5.5 million
  2. Province No. 2 – Population: 5.4 million
  3. Bagmati Province – Population: 5.9 million
  4. Gandaki Province – Population: 2.4 million
  5. Lumbini Province – Population: 4.9 million
  6. Karnali Province – Population: 1.7 million
  7. Sudurpashchim Province – Population: 2.5 million

10 Largest Cities by Population

Nepal’s largest cities by population include:

  1. Kathmandu – Population: 1.5 million
  2. Pokhara – Population: 500,000
  3. Lalitpur – Population: 300,000
  4. Biratnagar – Population: 250,000
  5. Bharatpur – Population: 200,000
  6. Birgunj – Population: 200,000
  7. Dharan – Population: 150,000
  8. Butwal – Population: 150,000
  9. Hetauda – Population: 120,000
  10. Nepalgunj – Population: 120,000

Education Systems

Education in Nepal is provided by both government and private institutions at various levels, including primary, secondary, and tertiary education. The government has made significant efforts to improve access to education, with initiatives such as free primary education and scholarships for disadvantaged students.

Top Universities

Nepal boasts several reputable universities, including Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu University, and Pokhara University. These institutions offer a wide range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in various fields of study.

Transportation

Nepal’s transportation infrastructure includes roads, air travel, and a limited railway network.

Airports

Nepal has several domestic and international airports, with Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu being the country’s primary gateway. Other major airports include Pokhara Airport, Bharatpur Airport, and Biratnagar Airport.

Railways

Nepal has a limited railway network, with the Janakpur-Jayanagar Railway being the only operational line. Plans are underway to expand the railway network to improve connectivity within the country and with neighboring India.

Highways

Nepal has an extensive network of highways and roads, connecting major cities and towns across the country. The total length of Nepal’s road network is approximately 17,000 kilometers.

Country Facts

  • Population: 30 million
  • Capital: Kathmandu
  • Official Language: Nepali
  • Religion: Hinduism (predominantly), Buddhism, Islam, Christianity
  • Race: Various ethnic groups, including Chhetri, Brahmin, Magar, Tharu, Tamang, Newar
  • Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)
  • ISO Country Codes: NP
  • International Calling Code: +977
  • Top-Level Domain: .np